Many studies in the past have revealed that people who lose their jobs have a higher risk of engaging in alcohol consumption. However, new research sheds light into a possibly similar trend with those who have kept their jobs but during economic instability.
Based on a recent study by researchers from the Research Institute on Addictions at the University at Buffalo in New York, alcohol consumption increased in employees during a time of economic recession. The study by Michael Frone and colleagues conducted surveys of more than 5,000 U.S employees, close to half of which were asked before the recent U.S. recession, and the rest asked after the economic downtrend. The survey was conducted over the phone.
Results showed that people who had work during and after the recession had a higher likelihood to drink alcohol outside work hours than those working prior to the economic struggle. “Despite the increased stress at work that came with the recession, employees decreased their alcohol use during the workday to avoid putting their employment in jeopardy… But perhaps to reduce stress, they increased both excessive alcohol use and drinking right after work,” Frone said in a news release.
The figures were most prominent in middle-age workers, who drank more frequently than the younger generation of employees.
The research team believes that the results of their study reveal a disturbing and vicious cycle for employees working during an economic crisis. “Excessive drinking can lead to absenteeism or coming to work hung over, which can affect productivity. Also, increased drinking after work may lead to family problems, which can affect performance at work,” Frone added.
The study was published in the journal Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.