News about women’s health is always something to be taken seriously. From small discoveries on heart diseases caused by lack of sleep to big news like Angelina Jolie‘s preventive double mastectomy, the health of the female population has never been as critical as now.
WebMD has listed a number of screening tests that an average woman needs to undergo in order to prevent the emergence of the most common female killers. Here are some of the most critical female diseases and the respective preventive exams:
Considered one of the deadliest diseases for women, breast cancer can be cured early if detected early. If screening is performed prior to the onset of the disease, breast cancer cell growth to lymph nodes and other critical organs may be diminished.
Mammography is an effective screening exam to check for the presence of lumps in the breast tissue. Women from 40 years old and above are advised to do a mammogram exam yearly.
Abnormal cellular structures in the cervix are symptoms of cervical cancer. One of the easiest ways to detect signs of this cancer is the pap smear, which is highly recommended for females who are 21 years and older. Vaccines such as Cervarix and Gardasil are available to protect against human papillomavirus (HPV), the most common cause of cervical cancer.
Bone weakness is usually evident in women who start experiencing menopause, and is usually discovered when the bone breaks as a result of a fall. Fortunately, women — and even males — don’t need to fall in order to see if they have osteoporosis. A piece of equipment called a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry is able to measure the strength of a person’s bones.
Conditions of the skin may not all be deadly, but melanoma is considered as a critical disease even though it is relatively uncommon. The best way to ensure skin health is to visit a dermatologist for expert advice. If you suddenly find a skin marking, it is advisable to monitor it for changes in color or size.
The famous saying “an ounce of prevention is worth than a pound of cure” applies to the above cases. Discovering the symptoms may lead to an earlier prevention and treatment of potentially deadly diseases.