October 31, 2009 at 7:23 am Comments (0)
The introduction of testosterone anabolic steroids in the market resulted to a lot of changes in men. Included in this list of changes are increased endurance, stamina and muscle mass. Because of these so-called positive results, more people abuse the use of these steroidal hormones. This then led to the need of discovering how steroids will be normalized physiologically thus resulting to T/E ratios.
The T/E ratio is used to determine the relative proportion of the testosterone and epitosterone. This is done by measuring the testosterone glucuronide (TG) and epitosterone glucuronide (EG) levels through a man’s urine. The normal levels are set at a 1:1 ratio. The result may somehow be affected if a man has flu at the time the test was conducted. This in turn makes the testosterone levels higher even if the epitosterone is left unaffected.
The T/E ratio utilization led to further studies. Some groups encouraged further testing to see more reliable results in consonance with the doses of testosterone. This is to ensure that the shifting of marker ratios for the EG and TG are determined by other factors.
For full version of this article, please visit “How Steroid Use Changes Testosterone/Epitestosterone Ratio“.
October 13, 2009 at 5:45 am Comments (0)
The abuse of steroids is highly frowned upon in the sports world because it is considered as cheating. It violates the code of conduct expected of athletes, as well as puts athletes who use performance enhancers at an unfair advantage over athletes who work solely on their own efforts.
There are cases of athletes all over the world who have admitted to using steroids. In the United States, steroid abuse was greatly highlighted when the BALCO scandal erupted. As it turned out, BALCO is a ring that supplied anabolic steroids to many superstar athletes in the United States. Among these athletes is Marion Jones, an Olympic track and field champion who was forced to surrender her five medals after being convicted of perjury for lying about her steroid abuse.
Tim Montgomery, another Olympic track and field athlete, was forced to retire after admitting to using steroids. Barry Bonds, considered one of the greatest baseball players in history, ruined his career because of his involvement with BALCO. And then we have Ken Caminiti, who was the first baseball player to admit his use of anabolic steroids.
For full version of this article, please visit “Famous Steroid Use Cases in US Sports“.