Polycystic kidney disease (PKD), or polycystic kidney syndrome, is the most common life-threatening genetic disease.
Since knowledge is one of key things that will help people manage any disease, we would like to share information regarding the disease.
PKD is characterized by the development of clusters of cysts â€“ non-cancerous round sacs that contain water-like fluid â€“ within the kidneys. While the disease is not limited to the kidneys, they are the most severely affected organs. PKD can lead to the development of cysts in the liver, as well as in other parts of the body.
Common symptoms associated with PKD include high blood pressure, back or side pain, headache, increase in the size of the abdomen, blood in the urine, frequent urination, kidney stones, and urinary tract or kidney infections.
It is possible, however, for people to have PKD and not develop any signs or symptoms, or to not know that they already have it. It is therefore helpful to be keen about such signs as an increase in the size of the abdomen and back and side pain, and to see a doctor to find out what may be behind these symptoms.
One may also benefit from discussing with a doctor the advantages and disadvantages of screening for PKD if one has a first degree relative â€“ such as a parent, sibling, or child â€“ who is suffering from the disease.
There are two types of polycystic kidney disease: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), and Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD).