Diabetes is a condition that results from the increase of blood glucose levels to higher than normal conditions. The most common form of the disease is Type 2 diabetes, wherein the body does not produce insulin properly.
Here are some facts about Type 2 diabetes as published in the 2014 National Diabetes Statistics Report:
- Over 29 million people in the United States suffer from diabetes from the previous high of 26 million in 2010.
- Approximately 86 million adults suffer from prediabetes, which results from the higher-than-normal production of blood sugar levels. Without weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15 to 30 percent of people with prediabetes may suffer from Type 2 diabetes within five years.
- About 1.7 million people more than 20 years old were newly diagnosed with diabetes in 2012.
- Roughly 208,000 people less than 20 years old have been diagnosed with diabetes (type 1 or type 2) in the same year.
- In 2012, diabetes and complications associated with it cost the United States $245 billion in total medical costs and lost work and wages, up from $174 billion in 2007.
In any diabetes treatment, the aim is to maintain a normal blood sugar level. Diabetics need to have an understanding of how food and physical activity can affect their blood sugar level. The key in the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes is changing the diet and lifestyle of the patient. This can help control diabetes without needing additional treatment.
In the long run, however, patients with Type 2 Diabetes may need treatment with tablets while others will need to inject insulin. They may also need medicines for reducing the risk of possible complications. For instance, some patients take pills for reducing blood pressure and others take statins to lower their cholesterol level.